How to Adjust Audio Gain in Adobe Premiere

How To 4 min
There are several ways to edit and adjust audio. The most straightforward is by using the Audio Gain adjustment feature and the Audio Mix Tool. 

As stated in the Adobe Premiere Pro User Guide, gain refers to the input level or volume in clips. You use the Audio Gain command to adjust the gain level for one or more selected clips. The Audio Gain command is independent of the output level settings in the Audio Track Mixer and Timeline panels. Its value is combined with the track level for the final mix. You can adjust the gain for an entire sequence with the Normalize Master Track command.

Your video products should adhere to specific audio standards to optimize sound levels and prevent competition between tracks. Primary audio, which typically consists of narration, interview or dialog should always be between -12 and -6dB. Secondary audio, such as natural sound, should always be between -30 and -18dB. It is important to remember that audio levels and volume are two different things. The audio level is the base level for your audio, while the volume is the audio the viewer controls.

Read on for specific steps to improve your audio adjustment skills.

Audio Adjustment Feature

Adjust audio gain by using the selection tool or the timeline method by following the steps below.

Use the Selection Tool to select one or more audio clips to be adjusted.

Adobe Premiere Pro with panel open and audio clip selected
Adobe Premiere Pro with panel open and audio clip selected. Adobe product screenshot(s) reprinted with permission from Adobe Inc.
Photo by: DINFOS PAVILION Team
VIRIN: 200904-D-PA656-0001

This step can be completed by using one of two methods: using the selection tool or directly on the timeline.

Adjust the audio level using the selection tool:

  1. Right-click on one of the selected audio clips.
  2. Choose the “Audio Gain..." option from the pop-up menu.
    Adobe Premiere Pro with panel open and audio gain selected
    Adobe Premiere Pro with panel open and audio gain selected. Adobe product screenshot(s) reprinted with permission from Adobe Inc.
    Photo by: DINFOS PAVILION Team
    VIRIN: 200904-D-PA656-0002
  3. In the Audio Gain box, adjust dB to the desired level. Use a positive number to increase it and a negative number to decrease it.
  4. Click "OK."

Adobe Premiere Pro with Audio Gain box opened with desired decibel level.
Adobe Premiere Pro with Audio Gain box opened with desired decibel level. Adobe product screenshot(s) reprinted with permission from Adobe Inc.
Photo by: DINFOS PAVILION Team
VIRIN: 200904-D-PA656-0003

Adjust the audio level using the Timeline (alternative):

  1. Select and highlight the clip you want to adjust.
  2. Drag the clip into the Timeline panel.
  3. Grab the white line for the clip you want to adjust and move it up to raise the audio level; move it down to reduce it.

Adobe Premiere Pro with Timeline panel open
Adobe Premiere Pro with Timeline panel open. Adobe product screenshot(s) reprinted with permission from Adobe Inc.
Photo by: DINFOS PAVILION Team
VIRIN: 200904-D-PA656-0007

Audio Clip Mixer

As stated in the Adobe Premiere Pro User Guide, the Audio Clip Mixer acts as an inspector. Its faders are mapped to the clip volume level and the pan/balance control is mapped to the clip panner. For example, if a plane is moving left to right in a clip, you should pan the audio from left to right. Follow the steps below to adjust audio gain using the Audio Clip Mixer.

  1. Select Window from the top menu.
  2. Select the Audio Clip Mixer.

Adobe Premiere Pro with window menu open and audio clip mixer selected.
Adobe Premiere Pro with window menu open and audio clip mixer selected. Adobe product screenshot(s) reprinted with permission from Adobe Inc.
Photo by: DINFOS PAVILION Team
VIRIN: 200904-D-PA656-0004

  1. Pull the fader up and down to adjust the track's volume output.
  2. VU meter levels will change as you make adjustments.

Screenshot of Adobe Premiere Pro with audio mix dialogue box open, fader control featured.
Screenshot of Adobe Premiere Pro with audio mix dialogue box open, fader control featured. Adobe product screenshot(s) reprinted with permission from Adobe Inc.
Photo by: DINFOS PAVILION Team
VIRIN: 200904-D-PA656-0005

  1. Locate the audio pan dial in the Audio Clip Mixer panel.
  2. Adjust the dial with the "L" and "R" labels at the top of the channel to pan the audio track output left or right.

Screenshot of Adobe Premiere Pro with audio clip mixer panel open and audio pan dial featured.
Screenshot of Adobe Premiere Pro with audio clip mixer panel open and audio pan dial featured. Adobe product screenshot(s) reprinted with permission from Adobe Inc.
Photo by: DINFOS PAVILION Team
VIRIN: 200904-D-PA656-0006

Adobe product screenshot(s) reprinted with permission from Adobe Inc.

Discover More You May Like

View All How To